does the future hold for Indian tigers?
The future of the Indian people and the human race is inextricably
bound up with the fate of the tiger and all the countless living
organisms that form the fabric of life on this planet. Saving the
India’s tigers and its land means starting from scratch in village,
town and city, creating political will through the power of the
people, ensuring better legislation that protects the right of wildlife
to live, and enforcing the laws of the land to prevent large scale
violations of the fabric of nature, this enormous challenge requires
courage from each and every one of us the courage to move away from
insular lives around television sets and to enter the public arena
of battle through sites like this one.
The roots that bind people and tiger together have been trampled
and weakened, but they can be revitalized if we work together.
role do zoos play towards Indian tigers?
Zoos, parks and sanctuaries are a back up to real wild tiger conservation
efforts, by controlled breeding of certain tiger to enclosures species
remains as genetically strong as possible, captivity is not the
best way to ensure survival of Indian tigers. Life in captivity
really is a misguided answer of poaching, above all it degrades
the meaning and natural purpose of wild life, but still acts as
good substitute in the age where Indian wild tigers could be extinct
within a few years or so. Zoos primarily do adoptions for breeding
programmes to increase numbers but still gives a good opportunity
for the public and zoos to maximise involvement in conservation
of this sub species.
Six hundred million people look at tigers in zoos every year in
India. That's a piont where people can be educated about them. Zoos
should put up more boards containing information about tigers, its
habitat, adoption programmes, sponsorship, and the threats it faces
and so on
3.What does the tiger mean to Indian people?
Tiger is symbol of wilderness and well being of ecosystem. By conserving,
adopting, donating, sponsoring tigers we believe they can be saved
and therefore the entire wilderness and ecosystem is conserved.
Conserving wilderness like tiger is crucial to maintain the life
support system, thus saving ecosystem which is crucial for man's
own survival. To the Indian people the tiger is the vehicle of Durga.
4.Are there any white tigers in the wild?
These days you can never see a white tiger in the wild not even
in India. But many zoos in the world have white tiger in captivity.
Barely 150 white tigers left, since last wild tiger seen in 1951-Madhya
Pradesh central India. Some Indian tigers are in poor health in
some zoos in India due to tsetse fly which has a fatal bite.
type of tigers are included on the stud books?
Only pure bred Indian tigers (Bengal gene) are included in studbooks
never half breeds. This monitors Indian tiger growth.
6.What problems face the Indian government regarding its tigers?
Despite the valiant efforts of the Indian government and many organisations,
poaching and habitat loss continue to be severe problems in India,
even in the year 2000. More needs to be done to preserve the Bengal
7.How successful is Project tiger?
Project tiger started with 9 tiger reserves in 1973 now it has 27
with around 1576 Indian tigers, which is almost half of India's
whole tiger population. The rest of the remaining tigers are in
the other zoos, sanctuaries or in the wild remote areas of India.
8.What are the best places to see India's tigers?
BEST PLACES TO SEE INDIA'S TIGERS
| ZOO, PARK OR WILDLIFE RESERVE
|1. HOWLETTS/PORT LYMPNE
|2. IOW ZOO HAS THE BIGGEST TIGER
SANCTUARY IN EUROPE.
|3.MIAMI METRO ZOO
What is a tigers habitat like in India?
The Indian tiger is at home in a variety of environmental situations,
from high altitude cold, coniferus himalayan forests to the steaming
mangroves of the Sunderbans delta, from the swampy redlands of the
terai to the rugged, scorched hills of the Indian Pennisula, and
from the lush, wet ever green forests of the north eastern and south
to the scrub thorn and forests of Rajastan.
10.How many Indian tigers at the turn of the century?
An estimate placed the population of tiger in India at the turn
of the century at 40000 now its approximately 2000.
11.What role do India’s tigers play on the wilderness?
The tigers of India are the ultimate consumers in the complex food
web in many of the forests ecosystems in India. The soil fertility
in these ecosystems rests on the micro organisms that decompose
the plant and animal residues to form humus. The diverse vegetation
so supported is the food of a thriving community of herbivorous
insects, birds and mammals and also helps to conserve the soil and
enhance water flow. Among the terminal carnivorous users of this
productivity, tiger stands at the head. Conservation of Indian tiger
in its natural environment can be achieved only by total conservation
of the wilderness based on an ecosystem approach, as has been established
by India's Project tiger. Truly therefore the status of tigers is
the index of success as a whole, in conservation of its wilderness.
A recent threat to the indian tiger population is the demannd
of tiger skins for the tibetan fashion craze of fur laden robes,
which is actually against sacred buddhist teachings of life.
has there been a considerable decline of India's tigers?
Due to hunting, killing tigers for sport and other trophies in the
early part of the century, big numbers were slaughtered by rajas
(kings of India) and the British, because of its savage beauty and
might and its ability to melt into the forests like a phantom not
only whethered the hunters spirit of adventure but also provided
the base for countless juicy shikar tiger hunting stories. Many
were shot on elephant so the hunters would be safe. Jim Corbett
predicted in 1946 that all of India’s tigers would be extinct in
10 -15 years only 3000 were left in the wild at this time from the
40000 at the beginning of century. Another important reason for
the decline was the fact that many of tiger prey were killed also
during these slaughter periods. As a result many cubs starved of
death. Crop protection guns were also freely available to kill any
wild animal. Jeeps came and also proved to be useful for tiger hunters.
Nowadays poaching for illegal trade still happens, mining, and deforestation
is destroying the tiger. The Tsetse fly also has proved to kill
many tigers in captivity due to its fatal bite. It was really Corbetts
figures of only 2500 tigers which called for IUCN to take urgent
action to save Indian tigers. This set in motion a whole range of
conservation measures i.e. Project tiger. As well as poaching cattle
grazing is also a very big problem, which leads to loss of habitat
for P.t.tigris. Goto
for more information on the threats tigers face in India.
13.How many Bengal tigers in the world today (mid 2005)?
we could say approximately there are 4000-4700 Indian tigers in
the wild today and in Captivity which is still a considerably good
figure compared to the future of the South China tiger of which
there are about 50 in captivity and probably none left in the wild
as there has been no validated recorded for years.
The numbers above for USA includes white and normal coloured Bengal
tigers kept in zoos and does not include those which may be kept
as pets which may be in the hundreds.
14.How many zoos in the world have Bengal tigers?
There are approximately 64 zoos with Bengal tigers.
15.How many tiger protection areas are there in India?
66 protected areas, 28 fall under the umbrella of Project tiger
16.Are white tigers mutants of Bengal tigers?
Yes with recessive genes.
17.Which tiger species are now extinct?
Javan, Caspian and Bali tiger.
18. How many white tigers in the world's zoos?
More than 100 white tigers live in the world's zoos.
19.How many tigers are captive in India?
333 are captive all over India, 40 of which are white Bengal tigers.
(figure correct 2004)
is the typical diet of Indian tigers in zoos and the wild?
Indian tigers are fed more often or course with cubs. It is fundamental
for zoo's to run P.t.tigris adoption programs to help with food
costs which can be costly.
This poses a big problem in some Asian zoos. This web site encourages
you to visit and adopt P.t.tigris in zoos. See if you can help us
to help them.
A typical diet of P.t.tigris in the wild is chital (spotted deer),
baby rhinos, sambar, occasionally crocodile, giant pythons, cattle,
langurs,leopards,wild boar, most ungulates, gaur, munjjak.Ullas
Karanth at Nagarahole estimates a male tiger needs 3600 kg, but
the female needs 3000kg of living meat to sustain them for a year.
Tigers are fed twice week in zoos this mimics their hunting success
in the wild and also their feeding habits, they tend to consume
large quantities of meat in one sitting, store it if possible and
return to it again when hungry. A P.t.tigris at most zoos would
eat something equivalent to:
1.Half of the front or back leg of horses
2.Also pelvis, rib joints or split head of horse.
22.What can the students and schools of India do to help the
Students can start nature rooms and clubs in school. There are lots
of interesting speakers in chennai who could be brought in as speakers.
The bishnoi tribe in rajastan will give themselves to be killed
to save the chinkara ( a species of deer). These are all inspiring
people who can be brought in to teach conservation.
23.What should we do to save the tiger?
Under the existing laws, wvery person can seek to protect the forests
at the supreme court or high court level. So if you know someone
is violating the law and destroying a forest, you can report it.every
person- whether a doctor, a journalst, a child, a lawyer, a teacher-
needs to be involved in this process. Many conservationists agree
that by saving the natural world including tiger we all have a chance
to survive in the future.
24.Are there enough laws to protect the tiger? Yes.it's just
that people are not aware.
India has 20 per cent of the world's forests and we need to protect
them.the indian tiger is a symbol of a healthy environment.
25.What is the biggest threat the tiger faces?
By far the biggest threat is habitat destruction. Poachers are last
26.Did Jim Corbett give tigers a bad name with his stories about
He didn't intend to do that it but yes. Between 1875 and 1925, 80,000
tigers were shot and more than 50,000 were injured.the injured tigers,
unable to hunt for themselves, turn into man-eater. When you detroy
the forests the tiger lives in, it has nowhere to go, that's when
it starts attacking human beings. Jim Corbett did call the tiger
a gentleman, but then that fact is forgotten in the excitement of
the chase. Tigers are not dangerous as Valmik Thapar once said'
i feel safer walking with tigers than to walk on the streets of
27.How does india count it's tigers?
While the tracing of pugmarks method continues to be used by the
indian forest department as a basic census device, scientists are
now using more accurate counting methods involving radio collaring,
camera trapping, dna sampling of their scats(which are the faeces
of tiger), and satellite monitoring, but these can be much more
time consuming and expensive compared with the pugmark method.
us to Save India's Tigers.